Bipedal anthropomorphic robots overview. Vol.2
Hello, my dear friends!
Bipedal manlike robots don’t cease to amaze us more and more. Their intelligence, task performing efficiency and similarity to humans grows with each day. So, as I promised in my last blog (Bipedal anthropomorphic robots overview. Vol.1) I’m back to discuss with you more achievements in robotics, made by oriental countries. And our first stop is, of course, Japan.
To start a review of Japanese robots we must mention the most famous robot ASIMO by Honda. This is the first robot that has learned to walk and to move steadily on 2 feet through the premises, the first companion robot. Most of the materials on the Internet is actually about it, so I will not dwell on a subject.
I also consider HRP series robots by Kawada Company and AIST Research Institute as a rather interesting project. The series includes already 5 generations of robots and developers have managed to achieve the structure of the robot movement, repeating the movements of the person. Robot Cybernetic human HRP-4C, not only looks like a human but also moves smoothly and elegantly. You can easily find the video on the web by the robot’s name.
HRP Series robots
Korean researchers also keep up the pace with their Japanese colleague. I find HUBO series robots by KAIST Institute the most interesting here. These projects are something similar to ASIMO. However, their motion control algorithms allowed them to win the DARPA Robotics. HUBO for DARPA competition have additional wheels for faster movement on flat surfaces. The appearance of robots is also quite original.
HUBO series robots
Moreover, the Koreans created a huge Mech-robot Method -1. It moves according to Zero Moment Point basic algorithm (which can be noted on the video on web). A simple and powerful kinematic scheme of the robot joints is also worth mentioning.
Mech-robot Method -1
While developing the robotics researchers have created a considerable number of robots, to which I would also like to give a review. If you like this publication and are interested in more, we can discuss the German researches, the Russian and Ukrainian discoveries in this field, as well as robots for other purposes and with original designs.
Moving towards the innovation and advanced technologies, our company has committed a significant amount of resources to the sphere of robotics. Moreover, we have already achieved the first success in the development of a bipedal robot, which is also to be discussed in the following publications!
You may also be interested in oilfield equipment companies.
APPENDIX A – General list of interesting robots.
Table 1 – Walking anthropomorphic robots
|Sarcos||Carnegie Mellon University, USA||The first robot with full control of force, resistant to shocks|
|Atlas Platform||Boston Dynamics, USA||Advanced walking algorithms, pass through the broken grounds and rocks. High power consumption||Body control algorithm https://ihmcrobotics.github.io/talks/10-Control/00-walking/|
|Petman||Boston Dynamics, USA||Soldier robot, similar to human body shape and gait pattern. Walks with support, but the fastest of all – with the speed of 7.1 km/h||http://www.bostondynamics.com/robot_petman.html|
|HRP «Promet» series robots||KAWADA Industries and AIST Institute, Japan||High self-containment level, ability to move on urban terrain.||http://global.kawada.jp/mechatronics/hrp3.html|
|Asimo||Honda, Japan||The first bipedal robot, the first companion robot. In addition, one of the fastest – with the speed of 7 km/h||Very well known, so you can find everything on Google|
|HUBO (KHR) series robots||Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)||Similar to ASIMO. Won DARPA||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HUBO|
|PROXI (earlier DURUS)||SRI Robotics (Stanford Research Institute), USA||The use of shock absorbers, springy gait, hydraulic drive. The project is focuses on energy efficiency with functionality like Atlas series has. Battery capacity of 2,2 kW * hh||https://www.sri.com/engage/products-solutions/proxi-high-efficiency-humanoid-robot-platform|
|LOLA & Johnnie||Technical University of Munich||Manufacturability, compact drives||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CwdQjO5_OhI|
|METHOD-1||Korea Future Technology||A huge bipedal Mech Simple and reliable joint design||http://www.wired.co.uk/article/korea-building-giant-robot-mech|
|Fedor||Android Technics Scientific Production Association, Russia||Focusing on manipulation tasks and assistance to the astronauts on the ISS||http://www.segodnya.ua/science/rossiyskiy-robot-fedor-kotoryy-umeet-otzhimatsya-stal-nasmeshkoy-v-seti-759710.html|
|DLR-Biped & TORO||DRL robotics – a division of the German DRL Aerospace Center||Progressive moment control. Based on light Kuka manipulators||http://www.dlr.de/rmc/rm/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-6838/11291_read-25964/|
|Valkyrie||NASA||Developed for the mission to Mars||http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/nasa_valkyrie_robots_prepare_for_life_on_mars|
|NAO||Aldebaran, France||Saleable toy robot with the environment for design and functional development||http://doc.aldebaran.com/2-1/home_nao.html|
|Poppy||Open project||On the 3D-printer||https://www.poppy-project.org/en/robots/poppy-humanoid|
Table 2 – Walking platform and alternative solutions
|SpotMini||Boston Dynamics, USA||“Giraffe” with manipulator – home assistant|
|CHEETAH||Little jumping thing, the fastest among robots with legs – with the speed reaching 46 km/h|
|Handle||Walking robot with added wheels.|
|LS3, BigDog||Moving cargo over rough terrain|
|With wheels, the winner of DARPA 2015||Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)|
|EMIEW-2||Hitachi||With the wheels on the feet (robot on rollers). Office robot|
|Cassie||Oregon University, USA||Biped robot without a body||https://lenta.ru/news/2017/02/10/robot/|
|CHIMP||Carnegie Mellon University||Rescue robot on tracks, one of the favorites at DARPA competition||http://chimprobot.com/|
|Schaft||Google X||Enhanced walking stability design||https://www.engadget.com/2016/04/08/google-x-schaft-robot-nest-2016/|
|Robots with passive dynamics||Maximum energy efficiency|
Table 3 – Robots with original design
|Albert HUBO||HUBO robot with Einstein’s head||https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Einstein-Hubo.jpg/573px-Einstein-Hubo.jpg|
|Geminoid HI-2||Remote-controlled android, a copy of Professor Hiroshi Ishiguro||https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geminoid|
|Sofia||Android with emotions||http://www.hansonrobotics.com/robot/sophia/|
|Eccerobot||Copies human anatomical structures and mechanisms. Filar drive.||http://eccerobot.org/home/project/description.html|
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